| 2 The overall tafseer of Quran

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Al-Ma’idah - سورة المائدة

ﮊ ﮋ ﮌ ﮍ ﮎ ﮏ ﮐ ﮑ ﮒ ﮓ ﮔ ﮕ ﮖ ﮗ ﮘ ﮙ ﮚ ﮛ ﮜ ﮝ ﮞ ﮟ ﮠ ﮡ ﮢ ﮣ ﮤ ﮥ ﮦ ﮧ ﮨ ﮩ ﮪ ﮫ ﮬ ﮭ ﮮ ﮯ ﮰ ﮱ ﯓ ﯔ ﯕ ﯖ ﯗ ﯘ ﯙ ﯚ ﯛ ﯜ ﯝ ﯞ ﯟ ﯠ ﯡ ﯢ ﯣ ﯤ ﯥ ﯦ ﯧ ﯨ ﯩ ﯪ ﯫ ﯬ ﯭ ﯮ ﯯ ﯰ ﯱ ﯲ ﯳ ﯴ ﯵ ﯶ ﯷ ﯸ ﯹ ﯺ ﯻ ﯼ ﯽ ﯾ ﯿ

Overall meaning : Allah Almighty instructs the faithful to be true to their obligations and to honour the bonds they have entered into both with Him and with people and which do not go against His laws. He informs them that it is lawful for them to eat the flesh of camels, cattle, sheep and goats except for what He has declared forbidden to them, which is mentioned in verse 5 here. Forbidden to them, He further declares, is hunting game if they are within the precincts of the sanctuary in Makkah or when assuming the state of consecration (ihram) for the major pilgrimage (hajj) or the minor pilgrimage (‘umrah), stating that He decrees whatsoever He pleases.
He forbids them to transgress His limits by violating the sanctity of what He has declared sanctified, including the pilgrimage rituals, and commands them not to violate the sanctity of the sacred months by initiating fighting or committing forbidden acts in them, nor that of sacrificial offerings—by  slaughtering them before reaching the place of sacrifice or preventing them from reaching their place of sacrifice—nor that of animals that are decorated with garlands around their necks marking them as sacrificial offerings. He also prohibits them from transgressing against those heading for the Sacred House in Makkah seeking His bounty and good pleasure, and allows them to hunt once they have left the state of consecration (ihram) and the precincts of the sanctuary of Makkah. He also warns them against allowing their hatred for those who have previously debarred them from the Sacred Mosque to assault them and unjustly avenge themselves on them, and commands them to help one another in furthering righteousness and piety, and not in furthering sin and transgression and to fear Him by doing what He commands and avoiding what He forbids, stating that His punishment is severe indeed.

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