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Section V: The Valid Duration for Wiping

Firstly: Duration of Wiping for the Resident and the Traveller
The resident may wipe for a day and a night, while the traveller may wipe for three days and their nights. This is the position of the majority: Hanafis, Shafi`is, Hanbalis, a narration from Malik, the position of some of the Salaf, and the choice of Ibn Hazm.
Secondly: The Start of the Duration
The duration of wiping starts at the first time of wiping. This is the position of al-Awza`i, Abu Thawr, a narration from Ahmad, a narration from Dawud al-Zahiri, the choice of Ibn al-Mundhir, al-Nawawi, Ibn Baz, and Ibn `Uthaymin.
Thirdly: Wearing the Socks and Becoming in a State of Hadath as a Resident, then Wiping as a Traveller
Whoever wears his leather socks and becomes in a state of hadath as a resident, then wipes for the first time as a traveller, may then continue to wipe as a traveller. [184] The start of the duration of wiping is from that first wipe, as mentioned earlier. This is the position of the majority: Hanafis, Shafi`is, and Hanbalis.
Fourthly: Wearing the Socks Without Becoming in a State of Hadath as a Resident, then Wiping as a Traveller
Whoever wears his leather socks without becoming in state of hadath as a resident, then wipes for the first time as a traveller, must then continue to wipe as a traveller. Consensus has been quoted over this by al-Nawawi and al-`Ayni.
Fifthly: Whoever Becomes in a State of Hadath and Wipes as a Resident then Travels Before a Complete Day and Night
Whoever is in a state of hadath then wipes as a resident then travels before completing a full day and night, wipes as a traveller. This is the position of the Hanafis, a narration from Ahmad, and the choice of Ibn Hazm and Ibn `Uthaymin.
Sixthly: Whoever Wipes as a Traveller then Becomes a Resident
If a person wipes as a traveller then became a resident and is yet to complete a day and night, then his duration is that of an ihabitant. This is the position of the majority: Hanafis, the correct view among Shafi`is, and Hanbalis.


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