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Section III: How to Offer the Eclipse Prayer Reciting Quietly or Out Loud During It

Firstly: How to Offer the Solar and Lunar Eclipse Prayers
The solar and lunar eclipse prayers consist of two units where standing, recitation, bowing, [616] Al-Nawawi says: “They are in agreement that the second standing and the second bowing of the first unit are shorter than the first standing and bowing. Likewise, the second standing and bowing of the second unit are shorter than the first of them in the second unit.” (Sharh al-Nawawi `ala Muslim, 6/199) and prostration [617] This prayer is offered by saying the opening Allahu Akbar, reciting al-Fatihah and a surah, then bowing, then rising from the bow, reciting al-Fatihah a second time and a surah shorter than the first, then bowing at length, but not as long as the first act of bowing, then rising from the bow, then prostrating twice, then rising for the second unit. He does the same as he did for the first unit except that the second should be shorter than the first. Then he recites the tashahhud and ends the prayers with salams. occur twice during each unit. This is the position of the majority: the Malikis, Shafi`is, and and Hanbalis.
Secondly: The Ruling of Reciting Out Loud or Quietly During the Solar Eclipse Prayer
The solar eclipse prayer is offered out loud. This is the position of the Hanbali and Zahiri schools, Abu Yusuf, one narration from Muhammad ibn al-Hasan of the Hanafi school, a position among Malikis, and the position of a group of the Salaf. It is the position of choice of Ibn Khuzaymah, Ibn al-Mundhir, Ibn al-`Arabi, al-Shawkani, Ibn Baz, and Ibn `Uthaymin.
Thirdly: The Ruling of Reciting Out Loud or Quietly During the Lunar Eclipse Prayer
The lunar eclipse prayer is offered out loud. This is the position of the majority: the Malikis [618] However, according to them, the lunar eclipse prayer is prayed individually. People do not gather for it. , Shafi`is, and Hanbalis.


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