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Section I: Specifying when it is Prohibited to Pray

It is prohibited to pray: from after the fajr prayer until the sun is a spear’s length above the horizon; when the sun has reached its zenith until it begins its descent; and after the `asr prayer until the sun sets entirely. This is the position of the Shafi`i school [463] Except for praying on Friday from the time when the sun is at its zenith until it begins to descend, for it is permissible to pray then. They also made an exception for prayers at all times anywhere in the Sacred Sanctuary (haram). , one narration from Ahmad, and the position of choice according to Ibn Taymiyyah, Ibn Baz, and Ibn `Uthaymin.

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