| 2 Bukhari hadiths

Narrated `Abdullah ibn `Amr (may Allah be pleased with him): The Prophetﷺsaid, "Whoever killed a person having a treaty with the Muslims, shall not smell the scnent of Paradise though its smell is perceived from a distance of forty years.".

Commentary : Allah, Exalted is He, has commanded the believers to honour contracts and fulfil covenants.He, the Glorified, says, {And fulfil the covenant of Allah when you have taken it. [O believers], and do not break oaths after their confirmation.}[Quran 16:91].For this reason, the Prophet ﷺ warned in this hadeeth the one who kills a person with whom a covenant has been made – that is a person who enters the abode of Islam with assurances of safety and protection – that he will not smell the fragrance of Paradise,and its fragrance can be smelled from as far as the distance of travelling forty years.It is narrated on the authority of Aboo Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Prophet ﷺ said, “… the fragrance of Paradise can be found at a distance of seventy years.” [Sunan al-Tirmithee].Other narrations reported something else, distance-wise.The different versions of the hadeeth have been reconciled to conclude thateach distance depends on thedifferences in people, deeds, and variations in ranks. That is to say, some people will sense its fragrance from as far as the distance of a thousand years,while others will sense its fragrance from a distance of forty years, and for others, from a range in between these distances.All of these narrations describe a long distance.
This hadeeth warns against betraying the covenants made with non-Muslims.
It shows that Paradise is for those who fulfil covenants and those who do not betray them..

Narrated Aboo Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him): When Khaybar was conquered, a roasted poisoned sheep was presented to the Prophetﷺas a gift (by the Jews). The Prophetﷺordered, "Let all the Jews who have been here, be assembled before me." The Jews were collected, and the Prophetﷺsaid (to them), "I am going to ask you a question. Will you tell the truth?" They said, "Yes." The Prophetﷺasked, "Who is your father?" They replied, "So-and-so." He said, "You have told a lie; your father is so-and-so." They said, "You are right." He said, "Will you now tell me the truth, if I ask you about something?" They replied, "Yes, O Aboo Al-Qaasim; and if we should tell a lie, you can realize our lie as you have done regarding our father." On that he asked, "Who are the people of the (Hell) Fire?" They said, "We shall remain in the (Hell) Fire for a short period, and after that you will replace us." The Prophetﷺsaid, "You may be cursed and humiliated in it! By Allah, we shall never replace you in it." Then he asked, "Will you now tell me the truth if I ask you a question?" They said, "Yes, O Aboo Al-Qaasim." He asked, "Have you poisoned this sheep?" They said, "Yes." He asked, "What made you do so?" They said, "We wanted to know if you were a liar in which case, we would get rid of you, and if you are a prophet then the poison would not harm you."

Commentary : The Jews constantly displayed much hatred against the Prophet ﷺfrom the moment he was sent as a Prophet and his migration to al-Madeenah,such that they attempted to assassinate him on several occasions.
Inthis hadeeth, Aboo Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) reports that whenAllah allowed the Muslimsto conquer Khaybar in the seventh year of the Hijrah,the Prophet ﷺ intended to protect al-Madeenah from the evil of the Jews who had assembled there. Khaybar was a town in which the Jews used to reside, 153 km away from al-Madeenah, northwards in the direction of the Levant.
As their envy and hatred increased further,a woman from amongst them sent the Prophet ﷺ a gift of lamb containing poison – the name of this woman was Zaynab bint al-Haarith, the wife of Sallaam ibn Mishkam, and the sister of Murahhab(who had been killed during the conquest of Khaybar). In preparation for the assassination, she had asked earlier, “Which part of the lamb is most beloved to him?”She was answered, “The shoulder.” So,she placed more poison in it.When heﷺ partook of the shoulder, he chewed a morsel thereof in his mouth but did not swallow it.It is narrated on the authority of Aboo Hurayrah(may Allah be pleased with him) that Bishr ibn al-Baraa(may Allah be pleased with him) ate with the Prophetﷺ from that lamb, and he swallowed his morsel [Sunan Aboo Dawood].
When the Prophetﷺ came to learn about the poison, he commanded his Companions to stop eating and then ordered the Jews who were present to stand before him,as they were suspected concerning the poison. The Prophet ﷺ said, “I shall ask you about something; will you be truthful to me about it?”They responded, “Of course.”He asked them a few questions to discover their lies thereafter.He asked them, “Who is your father?” They replied, “So-and-so,” mentioning the name of a person who happened not to be their father in reality.The Prophet ﷺ said, “You have lied. Actually, your father is so-and-so,” that is the Prophet of Allah, Jacob the son of Prophet Abraham, peace be upon them. They replied, “You have spoken the truth.”Again, the Prophetﷺ asked, “I shall ask you about something; will you be truthful to me about it?”They replied, “Of course, Abooal-Qaasim!If we lie, you will recognise our lie, as you recognised about our father.”The Prophet ﷺ asked them, “Who are the dwellers of the fire?”They replied that they would remain therein for a little while, then the Muslims would follow them therein,  after the Jews exiting it. The Prophet ﷺrebuked them for making such a statement and ordered them todesist from making this false claim, and informed them that they are more rightful to be disgraced, humiliated, and receive the punishment of the fire, and how evil is that place to stay.He ﷺstated that the Muslims would never follow them(as they will remain therein forever).As for our disobedient ones, their stay is limited and temporary, and they will not abide therein forever.Then, heﷺ asked, “I shall ask you about something; will you be truthful to me about it?”They replied, “Of course, Abooal-Qaasim!”He asked them about the reason for placing poison in the lamb.They replied, “We wanted to seek assurance of your prophethood.If you were a liar, you would die straight away from that poison, thus we would gain relief from you and from what you claim.If you were truthful in your prophethood, then that poison would not hurt you and cause you any harm, as Allah would protect you.”
This hadeeth shows that Allah showed to the Prophet ﷺregarding some events from the unseen.
It shows the betrayal of the Jews and their mistreatment of the prophets.
Itdemonstrates the rebellion of the Jews and their lies..

Narrated `Awf ibn Maalik (may Allah be pleased with him): I went to the Prophetﷺduring the Battle of Tabuk while he was sitting in a leather tent. He said, "Count six signs before the advent of the Hour: my death, the conquest of Jerusalem, a plague that will afflict you (and kill you in great numbers) as the plague that afflicts sheep, the increase of wealth to such an extent that even if one is given one hundred Dinars, he will not be satisfied; then an affliction which no Arab house will escape, and then a truce between you and the people of yellow (i.e. the Byzantines) who will betray you and attack you under eighty flags. Under each flag will be twelve thousand soldiers.

Commentary : Allah supported the Prophet ﷺand informed him of some of the events that would occur before the establishment of the Last Hour. These are signs that will take place before its establishment so that we can be preparedand do as many good deeds as possible before we meet Allah, the Mighty and Majestic.
In this hadeeth, ‘Awf ibn Maalik (may Allah be pleased with him) relates that he came to the Prophet ﷺ during the Battle of Tabuk, which happened in the ninth year of the Hijrah.Tabuk is a city located in the farthest north region of the Arabian Peninsula, right in the middle of the road to Damascus, which is 1252 km away from the Hijaaz.This was the last battle which the Messenger of Allah ﷺfought himself against the Romans.‘Awf found the Prophet ﷺ seated in a tent made of tanned leather.The Prophet ﷺ told him, “Count six things before the advent of the [Last] Hour,” meaning six signs that will appear before the establishment of the Last Hour.Among its closest signswas the demise of the Prophet ﷺ, then the conquest of Jerusalem, which was fully realised in the caliphate of ‘Umar ibn al-Khattaab (may Allah be pleased with him).He then added, “Two kinds of death,” that is a pandemic that will be endemic amongst the people,and it will be like the ‘Qu’aas’ of the sheep, a disease that attacks sheep whereby something flows from form their noses, and they die on the spot.This reality happened during the plague of ‘Amwaas, wherein seventy thousand people died within three days.After heﷺ said, “The overflowing of wealth and its abundance”, to the extent that a person will be given a hundred Dinars, yet he will be unpleased and will not be content with it, because he will think that it is too little, and he will belittle that amount. He further said, “The trial”,which is a test and tribulation that will lead to in-fighting and chaotic situationssuch that no house of the Arabs would be saved from it, but rather this trial would penetrate it and cause it harm.
He then said, “Then there will be a peace treaty between you and the people of yellow,” which refers to the Romans, anddenotes a reconciliation or ceasefire. However, they would not fulfil the covenant, and they would betray the Muslims and break the peace treaty.Hence, they would come to fight the Muslims under eighty banners. Under each flag, there would be twelve thousand soldiers.
This hadeeth highlights some of the signs concerning the proximity of the advent of the Last Hour, some of which have already happened.
Itdemonstrates a sign among the signs of the prophethood of the Messenger ﷺ..

Narrated Aboo Hurayrah(may Allah be pleased with him): "What will your state be when you can get no Dinar or Dirham (i.e. taxes from the Dhimmis)?" on that someone asked him, "What makes you know that this state will take place, O Aboo Hurayrah?" He said, "By Him in Whose Hands Aboo Hurayrah's life is, I know it through the statement of the true and truly inspired one (i.e. the Prophet)." The people asked, "What does the statement say?" He replied, "Allah and His Messenger's asylum granted to Dhimmis will be outraged, and so Allah will make the hearts of these Dhimmis so daring that they will refuse to pay the Jizyah they will be supposed to pay.".

Commentary : Honouring contracts and covenants is one of the most important qualities of a true Muslim.The Prophet ﷺ commanded us to honour our covenants and agreements, including those with the non-Muslims and explained the drastic outcome of breaking them without any valid reason.
In this hadeeth, Aboo Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) warns the Muslims about breaking a covenant with the non-Muslims under the protection of Islamic law and warns about the evil outcome of subjecting them to injustice.He said to those around him among the Tab’ieen, “How would your state be if you did not take a Dinar or a Dirham from the Jizyah and the Kharaaj (land tax)?”Those around him became wonderstruck and asked him about how this could happen while knowing that the wealth of the Jizyah and Kharaaj continuously poured in towards the Muslims from everywhere!He reported to them that the Prophet ﷺ - who is truthful in his speech and who can be trusted regarding that which Jibraail (peace be upon him) informed him – said that this would happen when the Muslims flouted the protection of Allah and the protection of His Messenger ﷺ, and that is when the Muslims would break the covenant of Allah and of His Messenger ﷺwith the Dhimmis.They would oppress them and transgress against them; thus,they would be punished in this world before the punishment in the Hereafter, in the sense thatAllah, the Mighty and the Majestic would remove the owe and respect for Muslimsfrom people’s hearts. As a result, they would refuse to give what they possess,i.e. they would stop giving what is incumbent upon them to pay, such as the Jizyah and so on.The Muslims would be unable to take anything from them, resulting in their state becoming contracted economically.
The hadeeth exhibits a sign amongst the signs of the prophethood of the Prophetﷺ.
It shows that our adherence to the commands of Allah and His Messenger ﷺ and their covenants is the path to our salvation.The more the Muslims deviate from their commands and way, the furtherthey will fail and suffer loss.
This hadeeth shows that the Dhimmis have rights that the leader of the Muslims should enforce and protect and that they have a covenant and protection which should be fulfilled and honoured..

Narrated Imran ibn Husayn(may Allah be pleased with him): I went to the Prophetﷺand tied my she-camel at the gate. The people of BaneeTameem came to the Prophetﷺwho said "O BaneeTameem! Accept the good tidings." They said twice, 'You have given us the good tidings, now give us something" Then some Yemenites came to him, and he said, "Accept the good tidings, O people of Yemen, for BaneeTameem refused them." They said, "We accept it, O Allah's Messengerﷺ! We have come to ask you about this matter (i.e. the start of creations)." He said, "First of all, there was nothing but Allah, and (then He created His Throne). His Throne was over the water, and He wrote everything in the Book (in the Heaven) and created the Heavens and the Earth." Then a man shouted, "O Ibn al-Husayn! Your she-camel has gone away!" So, I went away and could not see the she-camel because of the mirage. By Allah, I wished I had left that she-camel (but not that gathering).

Commentary : Certainly, Allah is One and Unique,and His attributes areMajestic and Perfect.The Prophet ﷺ has informed us about the beginning and the end of creation so that we can sense the grandeur of Allah, the Sublime.
In this hadeeth, ‘Imraan ibnal-Husayn(may Allah be pleased with him)reports that he once went to see the Prophet ﷺ in the Prophet’s Mosque, and before entering the Mosque, he tied his she-camel to the door. On this day,a group of people from Banoo Tameem visited the Prophet ﷺ, andheﷺ met them in a way that warms up the hearts.He ﷺ told them to accept the glad tiding of what he was saying to them;this would follow from them receiving the good news about entrance into Paradise.They replied, “You have already given us the good news; now give us something.”They repeated this twice.Their most important focus was on worldly gainsso that they did not understand well the good news given to them apart from material gifts.
Afterwards, some people from Yemen entered upon the Prophetﷺ,and he told them toaccept the glad tiding since Banoo Tameem failed to accept it.These people were from the clan al-Ash’aree from Yemen, and their response was different from that of Banee Tameem,i.e. they accepted it happily and then asked him about the universe.Thereupon, the Prophet ﷺ mentioned to them about the beginning of the creation and the Throne. He ﷺinformed them that there was nothing but Allah, whoseexistence is eternal as He is without a beginning or end. Nothing existed besides Him, neither the water nor the Throne nor anything else.
His Throne was over the water, which is the Throne on which He, the Majestic, rose.It is the topmost of allthe creations and the greatest and the biggest of them all.Allah has described it asgrand in terms of size and the quality of beauty. The Prophet ﷺ added thatAllahwrote everything that will occur until the Day of Judgement, and then He created the Heavens and the Earth. In other words, Allah existed before everything, and there was nothing but Him. Then, He created the water first, and then the Throne – or He created the Throne in the upper side and the water in the lower side - and then created the Pen and the Preserved Tablet, and then the Heavens and Earth. This is the chronological order of the creation.
After, ‘Imraan relates that during this conversation, a person informed him that his she-camel had disappearedi.e.it had escaped from her rope and run away. ‘Imraan pursued her, until she had gone so far that a mirage happened to veil in front of her.Thereupon, ‘Imraan swore that he wished he had left her to disappear and remained in the gathering of the Prophet ﷺ to listen to the remaining hadeeth.
This hadeeth is an urging and encouragement to attend the gatherings of knowledge.
It highlights the virtue of learning the sacred knowledge and listening to it.
It shows that we should give precedence to seeking the sacred knowledge over seeking wealth..